On this day in 1907 one of the most brutal dictators in history was born. Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier ruled over Haiti from 1957 until his death in 1971. The depth of his corruption was legendary. He and his family became incredibly rich while the poor literally starved in the streets. He maintained his power through the brutality of his death squads called Tontons Macoutes whose name means “bogeymen”. It is estimated they murdered at least 30,000. Learn more at the New York Times.


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